Sunday, October 27, 2013

grammar- ice cream 7A

Grammar and Usage

In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1. An ice cream cake is a cake made off ice cream. No Error.
A: OFF is wrong here. The cake is made WITH or made FROM. The word OFF is the opposite of ON (ie: I turned off the lights)
2. A popular form is a three-layer cake, with a layer of ice cream among two layers of cake. No Error.
A: AMONG is wrong here. Use AMONG whenever you have a set of three or more. Use between when you definitely have two. Here, you see “two” so use between. 
3. The term may also simple refer to ice cream presented in the form of a cake, or a combination of ice cream and cookies. No Error.
A: SIMPLE is wrong here. Use simply instead. (ie: “Drive safely” “speak softly” “simply refer” ) You need an –LY ending for description. An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. (ie: red apple, warm sun, silly me) An adverb can modify a verb, another adverb, or a whole sentence. ie: she did very BADLY on her test à Here, “very” modifies the adverb “badly.” Another example is : “Fortunately, she did better on the subsequent exam” à Here, “Fortunately” modifies the whole sentence. Many adverbs are just adjectives with the –LY suffix.
4. In a typical assembly, the cake component is baked in the normal way, cut to shape if necessary, and is than frozen. No Error.
A: THAN is wrong here. Use THAN for comparison, but use THEN for time sequence. “She did better THAN I did on my test” “First THEN second”
5. After, ice cream is shaped in a mold as appropriate, and these components is then assembled while frozen. No Error.
A. IS is wrong here. Use ARE instead. One component IS; many components ARE. Use IS for singular and ARE for plural. The basic rule here is that a singular object takes a singular verb while a plural object takes a plural verb.
6. Whipped cream is often used for frosting No Error.
A: No Error
7. The whipped ice cream serve as a complement to the two other textures. No Error.
A: SERVE is wrong here. One ice cream SERVES; many SERVE. As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by “and”  (ex: the car and bike ARE my means of transportation). By the way, a “compliment” is a flattering remark. However when something “compliments” something else, that means they go well together.
8. Many typical frostings will not adhere successful to frozen cake. No Error.
A: Successful is wrong here. You should use ”successfully”
9. The whole cake is then kept frozen until shortly before they is served. No Error.
A: THEY is wrong here. “cake” is singular, and is an “it” not a “they.” There IS only one cake here mentioned, not multiple cakes.  More examples when you should use IT are: restaurant, bar, union, center, community, museum, agency, Facebook, museum, FBI, NYPD, church, radio station, city, state, country, and nation)
10. Shortly after the cake begins to thaw it can be easily sliced. No Error.
A: COMMA is necessary between “thaw” and “it.” An introductory clause is a dependent clause that provides background information or “sets” the stage for the main part of the sentence. For example, “If they want to win, athletes must practice every day.”  Introductory clauses start with adverbs like “after,” “although,” “as,” ”because,” “before,” and so forth.  
11.  Ice cream cake is a popular party food, often eaten at birthdays and weddings, particularly in North America and australia. No Error.
A: Australia is the name of a country and must be capitalized. Capitalizaion is the writing of a word with its first letter in an upper case letter.
12. Ice cream cake is not as well known in europe. No Error.
A: Europe is the name of a continent and is capitalized.
13. Ice cream cake were originally made from biscuits and cream. No Error.
A: WERE is wrong here. Ice cream cake WAS made, because it is singular. One cake WAS; many cakes WERE.
14. Victorians made desserts called bombes, who consisted of ice cream and fruit in fancy molds. No Error.
A: WHO is wrong here. Only use WHO for people. Use WHICH to refer t groups or things. A restrictive clause is one that limits or restricts the identity of the subject in some way. Use THAT with restrictive clauses but WHO with non-restrictive clauses. Use WHO when referring to people.
15. Sometimes, these desserts was lined with cake or biscuitsNo Error..
A: WAS is wrong here. Use WERE not WAS. One cake WAS; many cakes WERE
16. Ice cream cake recipes dating to the 1870s have also been found. No Error.
A: No Error
17. In 1981  Ilse Silbermann of Silbermann's Ice Cream in San Rafael, California, had the idea of making cakes with ice cream and won California's "Idea of the Year" award which is still displayed in her store today.  No Error.

A: COMMA is missing after 1981. Use a comma to separate the day of the month from the year, and after the year. Also use commas after introductory phrases, causes or phrases that come after the main clause.
18. Ice cream cakes are popular in the united states.  No Error.
A: United States must be capitalized.  Always capitalize the name of a country, city, or state.
19. Carvel has a history of themed cakes advertised on Television, including Fudgie the Whale and Cookie Puss. No Error.
A: Television does not need to be capitalized.
20. Many people enjoy ice cream as a dessert. No Error.
A: No Error.

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