Wednesday, November 27, 2013

grammar 13A Koala story

Grammar and Usage
In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

The Pool Visitor
by Marilyn Naito
Illustrated by Helen Kunze

In this passage, an American girl named Martine has traveled to Australia to visit her cousin,
Stephen. In Australia, it is summertime in December.

Designed by Kweller Prep. Single spaced copying. Hand copying only.

1. “All done!” Stephen placed a bowl by the sink.  “Let’s swim,” No error.
A: There must be a period after “swim” not a comma.  
2. Martine watch the dishwater swirl down the drain.  “Swimming! I just can’t get used to it in December.”   No error.
A: “watch” should be replaced with “watched.” Past tense.   
 3. All Stephen had heard since his American cousin, Martine arrived were stories about snow and fireplaces.   No error.
A: Comma is missing after “Martine.”
4.  Stephen had only seen snow in pictures. SPLASH! The sound came from the backyard. “Mr. Bakers spaniel, Max, must be taking a dip again.”   No error.
A: “Mr. Baker’s” – you need an apostrophe to show possession. Sentence should read, “Mr. Baker’s spaniel”
5. Stephen rolled his eyes upward. Martine tagged behind Stephen as he went to the pool and stopped . Dumbfounded.  No error.
A: you need a comma (,) after “stopped” and “dumbfounded” must be in lowercase.
 6. In the water was a round, furry ball that looked like a soggy teddy bear. “A koala bear!” Martine sound happy as the animal splashed water over his ears.  No error.
A: “sounded” not “sound”
7. “He isn’t a bear.” Stephen told her. “He’s a marsupial, like a kangaroo.” Martine and Stephen sat on the edge of the pool and watched.  No error.
A: You need a comma after “bear,” not a period. Use a period to end a sentence only.
 8. The koala had swam, then floated on his back until he headed for the opposite side of the pool across from Stephen and Martine.  No error.
A: “Swam” is the past tense of “swim” and “had" is unnecessary
9. The koala tried to pull himself out, but the tiles were to slippery. “He can’t get out,” Martine said. “We’ve got to help him.”  No error.
A: “too” not “to”
10. Stephen kicked off his sandals and, stepped quietly into the pool.  No error.
A: comma is not necessary after “and”
11. By the time Stephen reached the frightened animal, the koala were paddling to the metal ladder.  No error.
A: The koala “was” not “were.” One bear “was” but many bears “were.”
12. Stephen put his arms under the Koala and gave him a boost up.  No error.
A: “koala” does not need to be capitalized.
 13. Martine lift’ed the animal onto solid ground. The koala gave one shake, spraying Martine with water, before waddling across the lawn and up the nearest tree.  No error.
A: “lifted” not “lift’ed” which is not grammatically correct at all.
14.  “We’ve never had a koala in the pool before,” Stephen said, “but koalas love to swim.  My teacher said that backyard pools are a big cause of accidents to koalas in australia.”   No error.
A: Australia is a proper noun and it must be capitalized.   
15. “What if he falls in when no one’s home?”  Martine asked. “All the koala needs are something rough to hang onto,” Stephen replied, “and he can haul himself right out.”  No error.
A: “are” should be replaced with “is.” All the koala needs IS something rough, not ARE.
16. After hearing what happened, Stephens mom said, “There is some leftover carpeting in the basement. You can use that.”  No error.
A:  “Stephen’s” because you need an apostrophe to show possession. Correct: “Stephen’s mom”
17. Stephen and Martine found the carpet rolled up in a corner and carried it to the pool. Then they found some sturdy rope in the garage and stitched the rope to one side of the carpet.  No error.
A: No error.
18. They tied the rope to two poolside grab rails. They cut the carpet section so that it extended into the pool. After it was hosed down, the carpet lay against the inside of the pool’s wall. “I hope it works,” said Stephen.  They waited and waited, but the koala didn’t appear, and the koala ramp was almost forgotten. SPLASH! Stephen and Martine looked at each other with the same thought. It could be Mr. Baker’s spaniel or— Martine dashed outside with Stephen at her heels.  No error.
A: No error.
19. The water glistened on the koala’s furry head.  He paddled around, than swam toward the carpet ramp. Gripping it with his claws, he slowly pulled his chubby body up and out of the water.  No error.
A: THAN should be replaced with THEN. Use “than” to show comparison. Use “then” to show time sequence.
20. With four paws planted firm on the pool deck, he shook himself and scampered off. Martine giggled, “I’ll always remember my trip to Australia and the swimming koala!”  No error.
A: “firm” should be replaced with “firmly.” More ex: “drive safely,” “speak softly,” “ grade harshly” 

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

12 A grammar - Disneyland

Grammar and Usage
In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1. Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, are the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California.  No error.
A: ARE should be replaced with IS. One theme park IS; many theme parks ARE.
2. Disneyland opened its doors on July 17 1955.  No error.
A: You need a comma after “17” and before “1955”
3. It is the only theme park designed and built under the direct supervision of walt Disney.  No error.
A:  “Walt” and  “Disney” must be capitalized. You must always capitalize a person’s name.
4. It was originally the only attraction on the property. However it was slightly renamed to distinguish it from the expanding complex in the 1990s.  No error.
A: You need a comma after “however” and before “it”
5. Walt Disney came up with the concept of “Disneyland” after visiting various amusement parks with his daughters in the 1930s and 1940s.  No error.
A: No Error
6. He initially envisioned building a tourist attraction adjacent to his studios in Burbank to entertain fans that wished to visit.  No error.
A: THAT should be replaced with WHO. Fans are people, and people are always WHO not THAT.
7. However, he soon realized that the proposed sight was too small.  No error.
A: SIGHT should be replaced with SITE. SIGHT deals with “vision” while SITE deals with place or location. 
8. After hiring a consultant to help him determine a appropriate site for his project, Walt bought a 160-acre site near Anaheim in 1953. No error.
A: “a” should be replaced with “an”. Always use the article “an” when it precedes a letter starting with a vowel (a,e,i, o,u)
9. Construction began in 1954 and the park was unveiled during a special televised press event on the ABC television network on July 17 1955.  No error.
A: you need a “comma” after “17” and before “1955”
10. Since their opening, Disneyland has undergone a number of expansions and renovations, including the addition of New Orleans Square in 1966, Bear Country (now Critter Country) in 1972, and Mickey's Toontown in 1993.  No error.
A: THEIR should be replaced with ITS because all of Disneyland is one entity. 11. 11. Disney California Adventure Park was built on the site of Disneylands original parking lot and opened in 2001.  No error.
A: “Disneyland’s”: You need an apostrophe to show possession.
12: Disneyland has a larger cumulative attendance then any other theme park in the world, with over 650 million guests since it opened.  No error.
A: THEN should be replaced with THAN. Use THEN to show time sequence. Use THAN to compare. For example: “She is taller THAN I am,” versus, “First THEN second”
13. In 2011, the park hosted approximately 16.14 million guests, making them the second most visited park in the world that calendar year.  No error.
A: THEM should be replaced with IT. The park …. making IT the second most visited. Gotcha!
14. According to a March 2005 report from the Disney Company, there are 65,700 jobs supported by the Disneyland Resort.  No error.
A: No error.
15. The concept for Disneyland began when Walt Disney was visiting Griffith Park in los angeles with his daughters Diane and Sharon.  No error.
A: “Los Angeles” – always capitalize the name of a city. 
16. While watching them ride the merry-go-round, he came up with the idea of a place where adults and there children could go and have fun together, though his dream lay dormant for many years.  No error.
A: THERE should be replaced with THEIR. Use THERE for location; use THEIR to show possession.  
17. He may have also been influenced by his fathers memories of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago (his father worked at the Exposition).
A: “Father’s” – you need to connote possession.  No error.
18. While people wrote letters to Disney about visiting the Walt Disney Studios, he realized that a functional movie studio had little to offer to visiting fans, and began to foster ideas of building a site near the Burbank studios for tourists to visit. No error.
A: No error.  
19. His ideas evolved to a small play park with a boat ride and other themed areas. The initial concept, the Mickey Mouse Park, started with a eight - acre (3.2 ha) plot across Riverside Drive.  No error.
A: “a” should be replaced with “an”
20. He started to visit other parks for inspiration and ideas, including Tivoli Gardens in Denmark, Efteling in The Netherlands and Greenfield Village, Playland, and Children's Fairyland in the United States. His designers began working on concepts, though the project grew much larger then the land could hold.  No error.

is the SAT or ACT more important?

and the SAT exam is the winner! (at least according to this article) 

SAT is more important than the AP, ACT

2011-01-30 13:57:16 Purple Ming Education

SAT and ACT college entrance exams are the United States, but the SAT is the first American university entrance examination, ACT is the second entrance of the American University. That American universities regarded as the first reference SAT scores, ACT is the second reference.
SAT exam content is independent of American high school teaching content, it is mainly a complex evaluation of candidates in English, rational argument and logical reasoning ability, that is, the ability of candidates to learn the core of strong and weak evaluation. ACT exam content is closely related with the teaching content of American high school, somewhat similar to our high school examinations.
Therefore, if the domestic system is studied American candidate four years of high school curriculum, then take the ACT exam is more suitable. Conversely, SAT exam is more suitable for domestic candidates. On the other hand, many American schools take into account the candidates never learned Chinese American high school curriculum.Therefore, the United States suggested that the Chinese elite best candidates to submit SAT test scores. To the University of Michigan, for example, the only internationally recognized university students submit SAT scores, ACT scores are not recognized.
SAT exam is successfully applied for decisive American schools, and AP U.S. college credit courses are supplementary. Without a good SAT scores, there is no amount of AP scores, it is impossible to successfully apply for attending American schools.

grammar - Costco 10A

Grammar and Usage
In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1. Costco Wholesale Corporation is a membership-only warehouse club who provides a wide selection of merchandise.  No error.
A: WHO is wrong here; only use WHO when referring to people. You should use THAN or WHICH. In this example, use THAT.
2.    As of July 2012, Costco is the second larger retailer in the United States. No error.
A: LARGER is wrong here. Use an “ER” ending only when you are absolutely positive that you are comparing TWO things; otherwise use “EST” endings. When you do not have a definite number, use EST. (ex: She is the eldest of her siblings.”)
3.    Costco is the seven largest retailer in the world and the largest membership warehouse club chain in the United States. No error.
A: SEVEN should be replaced with SEVENTH. (ex: First, second, third store)
4.    Costco’s main headquarters are in Issaquah WashingtonNo error.
A: You need a comma between the city and state. Latter part of the sentence should read: “Issaquah, Washington.”
5.    Costco was founded in 1976 in San Diegocalifornia.   No error.      
6.    It’s first warehouse was located in Seattle, Washington.  No error.
A: “IT’S” is wrong here. Use IT’S only when you want to contract “IT IS”.  Otherwise use “ITS” (no apostrophe) to show possession. Here, the “ITS” refers to “Costco”.  ITS is a possessive pronoun that is gender neutral. The word “ITS” is used to describe something that is connected to an animal or an inanimate object. “IT’s” is a contraction for “IT IS” or “IT HAS.” (ex: “It’s a nice day.”)
7.    Today Costco has a total of 632 locations, 451 of which are in the in the United States.  No error.
A: You need a comma between TODAY and COSTCO.  Remember, cities and states are always capitalized.
8.    Founded by James (Jim) Sinegal and Jeffrey H. Brotman, Costco opened its first warehouse in Seattle, Washington, on September15 1983No error.
A: You need a comma after 15 and before 1983. (“September 15, 1983”)
9.    Sinegal started in wholesale distribution by working for Sol Price at both FedMart and Price ClubNo error.
A: No Error.
10. Brotman, an attorney from an old Seattle retailing family had also been involved in retail distribution from an early age.  No error.
A: You need a comma after FAMILY and before HAD. Please review comma rules carefully. Use a comma to separate the elements in a series of three or more things. The last comma—the one between the word “and” and the preceding word is often called the serial comma or the oxford comma. Use a comma to set off introductory elements as well.
11. Warehouses outside the United States is similar to those in the United States.  No error.
A: IS is wrong here, You must use ARE because warehouses are plural. 
12. Layout, signage, and even parking lot markings are generally identical to warehouses in the united statesNo error.
A: United States should be capitalized. (France, Germany, United States and other countries are capitalized—cities and states are always capitalized as well)
13. Food Court menus are tailored to international tastes, with poutine on offer in Canada, seafood-topped pizza available in Asian and Mexican locations, clam chowder in Japan, Taiwan and South Korea, jacket potatoes in the UK, and meat pies in Australia. No error.
A: There is no need to capitalize COURT. It is not a proper noun.
14. Memberships must be purchased in advance for one Year. No error.
A: There is no need to capitalize “year” here.
15. Purchases made with Costco Cash Cards also do not requires a membership, and there is no surcharge.  No error.
A: “Requires” should be replaced with “require.” Many purchases require.
16. Canadian, United Kingdom and United States Costco locations only accept American Express, PIN-based debit cards (Interac in Canada), Costco credit cards, Costco Cash Cards, cash, checks, and EBT cards (food stamps). No error.
A: No Error.
 17. While Costco welcomes members to bring up to too guests, only official members may pay for items. No error.
A: “too” should be replaced with “two”
18. American Express is the only accepted credit card in the United States, Canada, and Japan because this card charge Costco very low interchange fees (a percentage of revenue from total sales made), as Costco's margins are low in comparison to other retailers. No error.
A: “Charge” should be replaced with “charges”—one card “charges,” but many cards “charge.”
19. In addition Costco accepts Flexible Spending Account (FSA) debit cards for qualifying purchases at the pharmacy and optical departments in the U.S. No error.
A: You need a comma after “In addition”
20. Along with the additional benefits the executive membership offerse.g., home loans, car insurance, and check printing services, executive members also receive a annual "2% Rewards Check" of up to $750.00 from Costco on all purchases made, excluding select items such as the following: gasoline, tobacco, stamps and in some states, alcohol.   No error.

A: “An annual” not “a annual” – you need the article “an” for any words preceded with a vowel (a, e, I, o, u)