Monday, October 28, 2013

Grammar- Stuyvesant - 8A

Grammar and Usage
In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1. Stuyvesant High School is common referred to as “Stuy.”  No Error.
A: COMMON should be replaced with COMMONLY.
2. It is one of the nine Specialized High Schools in new york city.  No Error.
A: NEW YORK CITY needs to be capitalized.
3. Operated by the New York City Department of Education, these schools offers tuition-free accelerated academics to New York City residents.  No Error.
A: OFFERS should be replaced with OFFER. These schools OFFER. Remember, one school offers, but many schools offer.
4. The Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (SHSAT) is the only way to gain expectance into one of the Specialized High Schools.  No Error.
A: Acceptance not expectance!  To accept is to receive, take, admit, or consent. To expect is to anticipate.
5. Stuyvesant traditionally holds the higher cutoff score for the SHSAT.  No Error.
A: HIGHER should be replaced with HIGHEST. Use an ER ending only when you are sure that you have two or more. Use an EST ending when you have three or more. When not definite, stick to EST endings. : (“He is the fastest runner”)
6. In November of 8th grade, over 30,000 potential incoming freshmen take the 150- minute exam, roughly 800 of who are accepted.  No Error.
A:  WHO should be replaced with WHOM. Whom is never the subject of the verb. Even experienced writers stumble over when to use “who” or “whom” (ex: “To WHOM it may concern”) “Who” and “whom” are both pronouns. Use “Who” when you are referring to the subject of a clause and “whom” when you are referring to the object of a clause.
7. Stuyvesant students undertake a college preparatory curriculum that includes: english, history, biology, chemistry and physics, mathematics, foreign languages.  No Error.
A: English, Spanish, French are always capitalized. There is no need to capitalize English, math, physics, so on and so forth. No Error.
8. In addition Stuyvesant students take a semester of each:  introductory art, music, health, technical drawing, computer science, and two lab-based technology courses. No Error.
A: You always need a comma after a transition. A transition is the process or period of changing from one state to another.
9. Students can select from fifty-five Advanced Placement courses and over fifty electives, such as Wall Street, System Level Programming, molecular biology, or science writing. No Error.
A: A colon (:) means that a list or three or more will follow.
10. Most students complete the New York City regents courses by junior year and took calculus during their senior year. No Error.
A: TOOK should be replaced with TAKE because students “complete” their courses. You need to always match your tenses. No Error,
11. stuyvesant High School offers math courses, including differential equations for the more advanced students.  No Error.
A: always start a sentence with a capital letter!
12. Stuyvesant is noted for it’s strong academic programs, having produced notable alumni including four Nobel laureates. No Error.
A: IT’S should be replaced with ITS. IT’s is a contraction for IT IS. ITS is possession.
13. U.S. News and World Report ranked Stuyvesant as the fifty-eight best high school nationwide in their 2012 list of America's best "Gold-Medal" public high schools.  No Error.
A: Fifty EighTH. Remember: First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth… fifty-eighth
14. Stuyvesant has been ranked as the fifth best in their 2012 list of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) schools. No Error.
A: THEIR IS wrong here. Stuyvesant is a SINGLE school, no matter how many thousands of students attend. Use ITS not THEIR. ITS refers to one school, like Stuyvesant. THEIR refers to many schools, more than one.
15. Stuyvesant students regularly place as semi-finalists and finalists in the Intel Science Talent Search. No Error.
A: No Error.
16.  In the most recent competitions, Stuyvesant sent more semi-finalists then any other school in the nation two years in a row, with 13 semi-finalists in 2012, and 10 semi-finalists in 2013. No Error.
A: THEN is wrong here. Use THAN for comparison but THEN for time sequence.  
17. Stuyvesant moved into a new waterfront building in Battery Park City in 1992.  No Error.

A: No Error.
18. The 15th Street building remains in use as of 2012, as "Old Stuyvesant Campus," and houses the Institute for Collaborative Education, the High School For Health Professions and Human Services.”  No Error.
A: FOR does not need to be capitalized. Everything else with regards to the name of the high school does require capitalization, but FOR does not.  In general, capitalize the first word in the title and capitalize all proper nouns. Lowercase “to” as part of an infinitive. Lowercase all articles (“a” and “the”). Lowercase all prepositions (ex: “to” “at” “in” “but”)  
19.  During the 2003–2004 school year, Stuyvesant celebrated the 100th anniversary of it’s founding with a full year of activities.  No Error.
A: IT’S is WRONG here. Use IT’S when you want to say IT IS. Otherwise use ITS to show possession. Here, Stuyvesant High School is in possession.
20. In recent years keynote graduation speakers have included: future Attorney General Eric Holder (2001), former President Bill Clinton (2002), United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan (2004), and Late Night comedian Conan O'Brien (2006).  No Error.

A: You need a comma after YEARS and before KEYNOTE.                              

Sunday, October 27, 2013

grammar- ice cream 7A

Grammar and Usage

In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1. An ice cream cake is a cake made off ice cream. No Error.
A: OFF is wrong here. The cake is made WITH or made FROM. The word OFF is the opposite of ON (ie: I turned off the lights)
2. A popular form is a three-layer cake, with a layer of ice cream among two layers of cake. No Error.
A: AMONG is wrong here. Use AMONG whenever you have a set of three or more. Use between when you definitely have two. Here, you see “two” so use between. 
3. The term may also simple refer to ice cream presented in the form of a cake, or a combination of ice cream and cookies. No Error.
A: SIMPLE is wrong here. Use simply instead. (ie: “Drive safely” “speak softly” “simply refer” ) You need an –LY ending for description. An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. (ie: red apple, warm sun, silly me) An adverb can modify a verb, another adverb, or a whole sentence. ie: she did very BADLY on her test à Here, “very” modifies the adverb “badly.” Another example is : “Fortunately, she did better on the subsequent exam” à Here, “Fortunately” modifies the whole sentence. Many adverbs are just adjectives with the –LY suffix.
4. In a typical assembly, the cake component is baked in the normal way, cut to shape if necessary, and is than frozen. No Error.
A: THAN is wrong here. Use THAN for comparison, but use THEN for time sequence. “She did better THAN I did on my test” “First THEN second”
5. After, ice cream is shaped in a mold as appropriate, and these components is then assembled while frozen. No Error.
A. IS is wrong here. Use ARE instead. One component IS; many components ARE. Use IS for singular and ARE for plural. The basic rule here is that a singular object takes a singular verb while a plural object takes a plural verb.
6. Whipped cream is often used for frosting No Error.
A: No Error
7. The whipped ice cream serve as a complement to the two other textures. No Error.
A: SERVE is wrong here. One ice cream SERVES; many SERVE. As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by “and”  (ex: the car and bike ARE my means of transportation). By the way, a “compliment” is a flattering remark. However when something “compliments” something else, that means they go well together.
8. Many typical frostings will not adhere successful to frozen cake. No Error.
A: Successful is wrong here. You should use ”successfully”
9. The whole cake is then kept frozen until shortly before they is served. No Error.
A: THEY is wrong here. “cake” is singular, and is an “it” not a “they.” There IS only one cake here mentioned, not multiple cakes.  More examples when you should use IT are: restaurant, bar, union, center, community, museum, agency, Facebook, museum, FBI, NYPD, church, radio station, city, state, country, and nation)
10. Shortly after the cake begins to thaw it can be easily sliced. No Error.
A: COMMA is necessary between “thaw” and “it.” An introductory clause is a dependent clause that provides background information or “sets” the stage for the main part of the sentence. For example, “If they want to win, athletes must practice every day.”  Introductory clauses start with adverbs like “after,” “although,” “as,” ”because,” “before,” and so forth.  
11.  Ice cream cake is a popular party food, often eaten at birthdays and weddings, particularly in North America and australia. No Error.
A: Australia is the name of a country and must be capitalized. Capitalizaion is the writing of a word with its first letter in an upper case letter.
12. Ice cream cake is not as well known in europe. No Error.
A: Europe is the name of a continent and is capitalized.
13. Ice cream cake were originally made from biscuits and cream. No Error.
A: WERE is wrong here. Ice cream cake WAS made, because it is singular. One cake WAS; many cakes WERE.
14. Victorians made desserts called bombes, who consisted of ice cream and fruit in fancy molds. No Error.
A: WHO is wrong here. Only use WHO for people. Use WHICH to refer t groups or things. A restrictive clause is one that limits or restricts the identity of the subject in some way. Use THAT with restrictive clauses but WHO with non-restrictive clauses. Use WHO when referring to people.
15. Sometimes, these desserts was lined with cake or biscuitsNo Error..
A: WAS is wrong here. Use WERE not WAS. One cake WAS; many cakes WERE
16. Ice cream cake recipes dating to the 1870s have also been found. No Error.
A: No Error
17. In 1981  Ilse Silbermann of Silbermann's Ice Cream in San Rafael, California, had the idea of making cakes with ice cream and won California's "Idea of the Year" award which is still displayed in her store today.  No Error.

A: COMMA is missing after 1981. Use a comma to separate the day of the month from the year, and after the year. Also use commas after introductory phrases, causes or phrases that come after the main clause.
18. Ice cream cakes are popular in the united states.  No Error.
A: United States must be capitalized.  Always capitalize the name of a country, city, or state.
19. Carvel has a history of themed cakes advertised on Television, including Fudgie the Whale and Cookie Puss. No Error.
A: Television does not need to be capitalized.
20. Many people enjoy ice cream as a dessert. No Error.
A: No Error.