Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Grammar -- Billionaires -- 1A

Grammar and Usage

In the following sentences, four parts of each sentence are underlined. If you think any one of the underlined parts is incorrect, choose the letter under that part as your answer. If you think the sentence is correct as written, choose (E) as your answer. Please note: read together, all of the sentences in this section make up a story.

1.   The ranks of the world’s billionaires, as monitored and tallied by our global wealth team, has yet again reached all-time highs. No Error.
A: HAS is wrong here. It should be have. RANKS is plural so HAVE is appropriate not HAS
2.  The 2013 Forbes Billionaires list now boasts 1,426 names, with an aggregate net worth of $5.4 trillion up from $4.6 trillion.  No Error.
A: After trillion, there should be a comma. Please read comma rules from our grammar packet.
3.  We found 210 new ten-figure fortunesNo Error.
A: No error here.
4.  Once again, the united states leads the list with 442 billionaires, followed by Asia-Pacific (386), Europe (366), the Americas (129) and the Middle East and Africa (103).No Error.
A: United States should be capitalized. United States is the name of a country and names of countries must be capitalized.
5.  Resurgent asset prices is the driving force behind the rising wealth of the super-rich around the globe. No Error.
A: IS is wrong here. Prices are plural. The correct phrasing should be “prices are.”
6. While last year almost as many fortunes fell as it rose, thisyear gainers outnumbered losers by 4-to-1. No Error
A: IS is wrong here. Fortunes are plural. Remember that “one teacher teaches” and “many teacherS teach.”  You can only have one S
7.  Many new names made the list thanks to free-spending consumers. To name a few: diesel jeans mogul Renzo Rosso’s net worth is at $3 billion, while retailer Bruce Nordstrom is at $1.2 billion. No Error.
A: Diesel is the name of a brand of jeans and should be capitalized. Colgate, Mcdonalds, Apple, and Ipod, are all capitalized
8. Last but not least the designer Tory Burch has a net worth of $1 billion. No Error
A: After “last but not least”, you need a comma. You always need a comma after a transition. More examples: Furthermore, Also, In addition, Moreover, However, etc. Remember the comma rules! Hunter LOVES to test you on comma rules.
9. Carlos Slim is once again the worlds richest personNo Error.
A: World’s requires an apostrophe. You always need an apostrophe to show possession.
10.  In addition Bill Gates and Amancio Ortega, the Spanish retailer Zara both moved up to number 3 for the first time on the billionaire list. No Error.
A.  The transitional phrase “In addition” requires a comma after it. You always need a comma after a transition.
11. This years biggest gainer added $19.5 billion to his fortune in one year, was Amancio Ortega. No Error.

A: Year’s requires an apostrophe to show possession

12. He moves ahead of Warren Buffett, a man that added $9.5 billion to his fortune. No Error.
A: THAT is wrong here. A person is a WHO, not a THAT.  Rember to always use WHO for people.
13: This is the first year since 2000 that Buffett has not been between the top 3. No Error.  
A: BETWEEN is wrong here. Always use the word AMONG whenever you have a list of three or more. When you aren’t sure if you have three or more, use among. Only use between when you are positive that you have TWO
14. Brazilian Eike Batistas fortune dropped by $19.4 billion, or the equivalent to about $50 million a day. No Error
A: Batista’s needs an apostrophe. Batista’s fortune!
15. His rank falls from number 7 to number 100 in the world. No Error.
A. No Error.
16. The Forbes Billionaires List ranks individuals rather than large, multi-generational families that share large fortunes. No Error.
A: THAT is wrong here. Always use WHO when referring to people.
17. So Maja Oeri, who has a disclosed stake in pharmaceutical firm Roche, makes the list, but her eight relatives who, with a nonprofit foundation, shares a $16 billion fortune do not. No Error.
A: SHARE not SHARES because eight siblings share; one sibling shares!
18. In some cases, we list siblings together if the ownership breakdown among them isnt clear, but here, too, they must be worth a minimum of $2 billion together, or equivalent to $1 billion apiece, to make the cut. No Error.
A. ISN’T needs an apostrophe. ISN’T is a contraction for IS NOT.
19. We split up these fortunes when we get better information, as we did with the Matte and Rausing families this year. No Error
A: No Error.
20. Children are listed with there parents when one person is the founder and in control. No Error.

A:  THERE parents is wrong. It should say THEIR parents. THEIR refers to possession. THERE refers to location, like “look over there!”

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